Confirmation bias is the tendency to selectively search for and interpret information in a way that confirms with one's pre-existing beliefs or hypotheses. In other words, you interpret new information in a way so that it becomes compatible with your existing beliefs, and if it can't be interpreted, you either choose to ignore it or call it an exception.
I was invited to conduct a workshop on Critical Thinking at JIPMER. The workshop size I prefer is a maximum of 30 participants. However since 68 participants wanted to take the workshop, we ended up conducting two batches back to back on 30th November and 1st December 2015. Both the workshops witnessed very active participants from the Doctors, HOD's and doctoral students in the workshops. See what the participants have to say about the Critical Thinking workshop : http://criticalthinkingacademy.net/index.php/what-participants-say
The Director of JIPMER, Dr. Parija inaugarated the workshop, and Critical Thinking for Doctors was an initiative of the Director, and Dr. Adithan - Professor and HOD , Department of Pharmacology.
What is Critical Thinking?
Many times i have been asked to explain what is Critical Thinking as not many seem to be very familiar with this phrase, despite it being used extensively by Business and in Education. There are already many definitions of Critical Thinking out there - but I don't think they help us understand what are the elements of Critical Thinking, or what we are expected to know and practice if we are Critical Thinkers.
Here's a brief presentation about Critical Thinking.
Many students are not clear as to What Critical Thinking is - or why they should learn it. Check out this presentation which articulates reasons we believe make it essential for students to acquire these skills. http://www.slideshare.net/prasadarya/why-should-students-learn-critical-thinking...
Adolf Hitler was a great speaker, and he was able to persuade an entire nation to follow him. Here's a sampling of his speeches. If you analyze what he says - you will see that there is very little reasoning, but full of rhetoric that appeals to the ego of the people to be a great nation. We must have knowledge of Critical Thinking if we are to be immune to rhetoric and recognize it when we come across it.
Believing that if "everybody" or "many" believes it, it must be true. This is a fallacious argument that concludes that the proposition is true because many people believe it.
This fallacy is also known by other names: appeal to the masses, appeal to belief, appeal to the majority, appeal to democracy, appeal to popularity, argument by consensus, consensus fallacy, authority of the many, and bandwagon fallacy
Poisoning the well may be thought of as an Ad Hominem fallacy in advance. If poison is dumped into your well, you don't drink from it. Similarly if someone poisons your mind about X, by telling you something unfavorable about B, you may be inclined to reject anything that X says to you.
In Latin "Ad Hominem" means "against the man" or "against the person."
A theory is discarded not because of any evidence against it or lack of evidence for it, but because of the person who argues for it. is rejected on the basis of some irrelevant fact about the person , making the claim or argument.